Diabetes And Dental Care

Diabetes mellitusDiabetes mellitus is a condition in which there is insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas in your body or alternately the cells in the body do not respond to the insulin produced; both these factors result in non-absorption of blood sugar by the body cells.This condition can be identified by symptoms such as frequent urination, excessive thirst, hunger and lethargy. Depending on the type of diabetes you might have to take either oral medications or insulin injections in addition to changing your diet.Diabetes and oral healthcareThe condition of diabetes affects the total body functions which includes your mouth. The blood sugar level in a diabetic will be high in the mouth that can cause oral health problems. The diabetes when uncontrolled impairs the white cells in your blood which is necessary for fighting bacterial infections that can occur in your mouth. In addition to impairing white blood cells, diabetes causes thickening of blood vessels in the mouth. This further reduces the ability of the body to fight infections.Dental problems of diabeticsDiabetics are likely to suffer from the following dental problems if they do not control their sugar level.Dry mouth – lack of control of sugar level will reduce the saliva flow thereby resulting in dry mouth Dry mouth leads to infections, soreness, ulcers, and tooth decay.
Candidiasis or oral thrush – the diabetics in order to fight various infections often take antibiotics and this weakens their immune system thereby exposing themselves for getting infected in their mouths and tongue and this is known as candidiasis or oral thrush The fungus Candida albicans responsible for thrush outgrow at high glucose levels in the saliva that prevails normally in uncontrolled diabetics.
Delayed healing of oral tissues – the diabetics take longer time to heal if they undergo oral surgery or any other dental procedures; this is mainly because of the reduced blood flow to the area of treatments.
Cavities – many types of bacteria resides in your mouth. These bacteria interact with the starches and sugars in your diet and produce a sticky film called plaque and this film sticks your teeth. The acids in plaque attack the hard enamel in the outer surface of your teeth which might result in cavities. The diabetics will have a high blood sugar level and this means that there will be excess supply of sugar which will accelerate tooth wear out.
Burning mouth and/or tongue – oral thrush results in Burning mouth and/or tongue.
Gingivitis – this occurs when you do not remove the plaque from your teeth by proper oral hygiene; the plaque will get hardened under your gum line thereby forming tartar or calculus. The plaque and tartar will cause irritation to your gingiva which is the part of your gum around the base of your teeth. As days progress you will find that your gums become swollen and bleed easily causing gingivitis.
Periodontitis – If gingivitis is not treated on time the resultant infection destroys the soft tissue and bone supporting your teeth; this is called periodontitis. The effect of periodontitis is that it pulls away your gums from your teeth that might make your teeth get loosened and fall. Periodontitis affects diabetics more because diabetes reduces your resistance to infection thereby causing slow healing. Smoking and diabetesDiabetics who smoke are at a greater risk (20 times) for developing thrush and periodontal disease than non-smokers. In addition to this since smoking reduces the blood flow to your gums it increases the healing time of any wound in gum tissues area.Preventing oral health problems in diabeticsIt is possible to prevent or reduce the occurrence of tooth loss by practicing good dental care and oral hygiene habits viz. brushing after every meal with a toothpaste containing fluoride, daily flossing and also keeping the blood glucose levels under control.

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Finding the Right Emergency Dental Care Office

Have you recently injured your teeth? Are you in need of a doctor who is able to treat you on short notice? If so, then it is important that you find the right emergency dental care office for your needs. There are several things that you should look for in an office that will give you an indication as to whether they are able to help you. You should find out whether or not the office is covered by your insurance provider, that they employ regular dentists, and that they keep long enough hours to offer care when you need it.Are They Covered By Your Insurance?The first thing that you should look for when you are trying to find an office for your emergency dental care is whether or not they are covered by your insurance provider. Not all insurance providers cover care from these types of visits; but if yours does, then it is important that you find out whether or not the office is in your provider’s network. This can, of course, save you lots of money when the bill for your work comes due.Do They Employ Regular Dentists?Another thing to look for when trying to find an emergency dental care office is whether or not the office employs regular dentists. In lots of cases, emergency clinics employ doctors on a part time basis. These doctors tend to spend small amounts of time in these offices in addition to their own practices. However, some clinics employ their own dentists on a full time basis. It is always better to find a clinic with a full time dentist because this makes scheduling follow up appointments much easier.Do They Keep Long Hours?One final consideration you should have when trying to find an emergency dental care clinic is the hours that it is open. It is important that you find a clinic that keeps long hours since you never know when you might require immediate care. The longer hours the clinic keeps, the better your chances will be of receiving care when you need it, and this can be the difference between your problem being fixed and serious complications.All in all, there are several things that you should look for when trying to find an emergency dental care office. You should try to find a clinic that is covered by your insurance provider, that employs regular dentists, and that keeps long hours. These things will help to ensure that you get the care you need.

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